Peace Agreement Farc Colombia

The immediate priorities for the implementation of the agreement are: [112] The Colombian peace negotiations in Havana had an above-average female participation – sometimes a third of the delegates in Havana were women, above the global average. [90] The General Agreement that led the process recognized that negotiations “require the participation of all without distinction.” A year after the discussions, women and their concerns have largely disappeared, and women`s organizations have begun to push for greater inclusion. In October 2013, nearly 450 women from across Colombia gathered in Bogota for the National Summit of Women and Peace to demand their inclusion in the peace process. The day after the final agreement was officially signed, the armed forces would make the necessary logistical adjustments to facilitate the movement of FARC units to these areas. The FARC would begin to settle in these areas after an intervention agreement. The MM V would monitor and verify the secure transfer of FARC units to the areas. [128] President Santos met with former President Alvaro Uribe, a vocal opponent of the peace agreement, to listen to his objections. Equal participation in the construction, implementation, review and counter-signature of agreements reached in the Havana dialogues is the subject of women`s organizations that have historically worked for peace and human rights in the country. The Red de Mujeres (1995), Ruta PacĂ©fica (1996) and Mujeres por la Paz Iniciativa (2002) are a few platforms focused, among others, on the bilateral ceasefire, the demilitarization of civil society life, the just distribution of land, respect for the human body, justice and different approaches. By the time the peace process began with the FARC, Colombian women already had consolidated work in various peace plans.

That is why organizations across the country have written open letters to the government calling for equal participation, supported by UN women. In February 2012, the FARC, the first public “peace gesture”, announced in a statement that it now prohibits the practice of blackmail that it “legalized” in 2000 by its Ley 002. [20] After four years of formal talks between the rebels and government negotiators, the two sides agreed earlier this year. Emilio Archila, a government adviser, said many of the agreement`s biggest development promises – such as the supply of water and electricity – would take more than a decade, given the damage to the landscape caused by the conflict. “Those who think they can solve these problems in two years don`t understand the magnitude of the problem,” he said. Although there were no formal peace talks with the FARC under Uribe`s presidency, informal contacts were established in secret. In 2012, when the current peace process began, El Tiempo recounted how Uribe had sought “secret rapprochements with the FARC in search of a peace process” until the last moments of his second term. [9] In 2013, former Swiss mediator Jean Pierre Gontard said that in 2006 Uribe had ordered three small unilateral truces to facilitate talks between the two sides. [10] In February 2014, negotiations were shaken by Semana`s revelations that a military intelligence unit was illegally monitoring the private communications of government negotiators in Havana. [38] President Juan Manuel Santos called the illegal wiretapping “unacceptable” and ordered a public inquiry into whether “dark forces” attempted to sabotage the peace process.